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THE IBERO-ROMAN CITY OF CÁSTULO AND THE MONOGRAPHIC MUSEUM IN LINARES


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The archaeological site of Cástulo and its monographic museum in Linares are the ideal locations to discover the cultural diversity of Andalusia. The Ibero-Roman city, located on the right bank of the Guadalimar river, constitutes one of the principal centres of the southern peninsular in ancient times. This was due to the spread of its walled enclosure (70 hectares) and its strategic position in the Upper Guadalquivir as well its silver, lead and copper mines. The oppidum, or fortified city, of Cástulo was the most important population nucleus in Iberian Oretania. Much later it was established as a Roman municipality and became an episcopal see at the time of the Roman Empire.

Cástulo, the Ibero-Roman city

Cástulo, the Ibero-Roman city

The archaeological site in Cástulo covers a vast area. The expression of other forms of occupation is found in numerous overlapping evidence. There are necropolis, factories, public infrastructures and other suburban installations related to the Ibero-Roman city. However, there are also settlements from Prehistoric times to the late Middle Ages, which complete the historical value of this archaeological site. This complex stratigraphic and temporal sequence has reached our times in an exceptionally well preserved and complete condition. It represents a significant segment of the whole history of Andalusia.

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Our route begins at the Visitor Centre, where you will find all the information you need to understand the historical progression of the site. At the walls you can stop off at the highest part of the city and visit the Puerta de los Leones, dating back to the Ibero-Roman era. This is where the famous León de Cástulo was discovered, the best preserved example in the whole Iberian peninsula. In the central area of the meseta don’t forget to explore the different archaeological zones and see the spectacular ‘Mosaico de los Amores’, classified as one of the ten greatest discoveries of 2012 by the National Geographic. In the same area you can also see an important religious building. It is in here where the ‘Patena de Cristo’ was discovered. This is a 4th century glass plate with one of the best preserved images of Christ, which is now on display at the Museum of Linares. At the most easterly point of the settlement you can admire the Castle of Santa Eufemia. This fortification dates back to the Arab era and also forms part of the cultural Castles and Battlegrounds Route.

Archaeological Museum of Linares

Archaeological Museum of Linares

This museum cannot be fully understood without reference to the Cástulo Archaeological Site, as the two are closely related. Indeed, the development of the Museum received a significant boost with the expropriation of the lands of old Cástulo. This process began in 1968 and was concluded in 1972, thus facilitating the research work that had been taking place here since 1958. These lands have yielded the most important and largest part of the collection.

The museum is arranged over several floors around a covered patio and the basement. The rooms house the most important finds from Cástulo. Particular highlights are the Ibero-Roman León, dating back to the 1st century BC, and the Patena de Cristo, which dates back to the 4th century AD.

Advice for visitors

Guided visits are usually available at weekends. Prior telephone booking is advised. There are also companies within the tourism sector that organise visits and arrange dramatised tours of the site.

Visiting times

Archaeological Site

16 September to 1 April:
Tuesday to Saturday: 09:00 to 17:30.
Saturdays and Sundays: 09:00 to 15:30.
Mondays: closed.

1 April to 15 June
Tuesday to Saturday: 09:00 to 19:30.
Saturdays and Sundays: 09:00 to 15:30.
Mondays: closed.

16 June to 15 September
Tuesday to Sundays and local holidays : 9:00 to 15:30.
Mondays: closed.

Archaeological Museum of Linares

16 September to 15 June
Tuesday to Saturday: 09:00 to 19:30.
Saturdays and Sundays: 09:00 to 15:30.
Mondays: closed.

16 June to 15 September
Tuesday to Sundays and local holidays : 9:00 to 15:30.
Mondays: closed

The Museum will open on all public holidays, including local holidays, except 1 January, 6 January, 1 May and 24, 25 and 31 December.

Other services

EL PÓSITO IN LINARES

Raphael Museum

C/ Iglesia, 5. Linares. Jaén
Telf: 953 10 01 83


CHAPEL AND CRYPT OF THE MARQUESES DE LINARES HOSPITAL

Paseo de Los Marqueses, s/n. Linares. Jaén
Telf: 953 60 78 12


HOUSE-MUSEUM ANDRÉS SEGOVIA

C/ Cánovas del Castillo, 59. Linares. Jaén
Telf: 953 65 09 36


THE MINING LANDSCAPE VISITOR CENTRE

Parque Antigua Estación de Madrid. Paseo de Linarejos, s/n. Linares. Jaén
Telf: 953 60 78 12


BULLFIGHTING MUSEUM — EL LAGARTIJO TAVERN

C/ Ventanas, 27. Linares. Jaén
Telf: 620 519 293 ‐ 697 924 993

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Location and access

The Archaeological Site can be reached via the JA-4102 road that links Linares and Torreblascopedro, after 3km take the JV-3003 road that goes straight to the settlement.

The Archaeological Museum of Linares is located at Calle General Echagüe, 2. 23700 Linares, Jaén.