Peal de Becerro

THE ROYAL TOMBS OF TOYA AND HORNOS. PEAL DE BECERRO


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In 1909, in the vicinity of the small village of Toya, a villager nicknamed ‘El Pernazas’ from Peal de Becerro was working the land when he discovered some large stones. He couldn’t have imagined what he was going to find behind those great stone slabs: the grave of a rich Iberian aristocrat. He ran to get his family to enter the tomb and recover the treasures that had laid hidden for 2,300 years.

The Toya burial chamber is our country’s finest example of Iberian funerary architecture. Its chronology is part of the Iberian culture of the early 4th century BC.

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The Royal Tombs of Hornos and Toya Visitor Centre is in the historical centre of Peal de Becerro. It provides an insight into how the Iberians viewed the world of death and burial rites.
The Toya Burial Chamber is located about 5 kilometres away, in the direction of the small village of Hornos. The architectural structure of the chamber has a quadrangular floor and its interior is divided into three longitudinal naves. The only entrance door to the construction is in the central nave. The two lateral naves, unlike the central one, are each divided into two spaces; the first, as a kind of antechamber, connects with the central nave in both cases. The construction’s stone blocks are perfectly worked and positioned without the aid of staples or mortar, as in a dry stone wall. The covering is characterised by a series of large stone slabs that are supported by the walls of the longitudinal rooms.

In the three interior naves of the burial chamber you can see rectangular niches hewn into the stone walls. Additional features are a continuous stone bench at the foot of the walls and the projection of stone eaves just below the niches. In general the doors are rectangular apertures but the two doors that connect the three naves display a very special feature of Iberian construction in this area. Instead of ascending vertically to meet the lintel, the final stone blocks curve towards it. The image is that of a false arch with a simulated capital.
The chamber was not excavated using systematic methods, and the funerary objects were only partially recovered. They are characteristic of an Iberian prince and his family. Particular highlights are the wheels of a war chariot and the magnificent Greek kraters.

Contact

Peal de Becerro Town Hall

  953 73 00 75

Hours Monday to Friday, 9-14h

interpretacioniberica@gmail.com

Download the leaflet

Download the leaflet with all the information about the Visitor Centre and the Toya Burial Chamber.

Advice for visitors

It is advisable to look round the Royal Tombs of Hornos and Toya Visitor Centre first, and then visit the Toya Burial Chamber accompanied by a guide. The Hornos burial chamber is much smaller than that of Toya and is not accessible. However, there is a full scale model on display in the Visitor Centre.

Visiting times


Opening hours Autumn, Winter and Spring:

Friday      …. 16: 30 – 19: 30
Saturday  … 10:30 – 13: 30  //  16: 30-19:30
Sunday     … 10:30 – 13: 30

Summer:

Friday      … 18:00 – 21:00
Saturday  … 10:30- 13:30  //  18: 00-21: 00
Sunday  … 10:30 – 13:30

 

* This is the opening hours of the Center, the hours of customer service to receive information or to reserve the number 953 73 00 75 is Monday to Friday from 9:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m.

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SIERRA DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS NATURAL PARK

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Location and access

Peal de Becerro is reached from the A-315 road. Take the exit towards Calle Tahona to reach the heritage site. The Royal Tombs of Hornos and Toya Visitor Centre is located at No. 4 Calle Josefa Santamaria, reached from Plaza 1 de Mayo.

Access to the Toya Burial Chamber is by the JV-3263 road. The turn off to the site is signposted.