The princes as heroes and the concentration of people in the oppidum .
This second period is defined as being from the start of the 5th century BC until the end of the 4th century BC. The oppida became the political unit of the lineage of each prince, their people identified as belonging to the oppidum and not to a particular village. The power of the prince was permanently consolidated and the oppida were identified as the great unit of residence. These events coincided with a new ideology that left behind the old models of Eastern-style power in pursuit of the development of heroic forms of power. The Prince displayed his strength more for the recognition of those who supported him – clients, artisans etc. – than his sacred origin, and did so by representing himself in sculptures displaying all his power. This social model is clearly shown in the cemeteries. The princes were buried with their families and clients in an orderly manner, and their funerary objects include luxury artefacts, such as large Greek vases. In order to secure their power they also offered some of these objects to their clients. Examples include Greek drinking cups or weapons, as discovered in the burial mounds of Toya in Peal de Becerro or Castellanes de Ceal in Hinojares.